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Sights of Hajdúszoboszló (Hajdúszoboszló)

The town's invaluable treasure is spa popular with visitors from both Hungary and abroad seeking recreation or cures. Museums and historical sights along with events staged all year round provide plenty of options for visitors.

Spa HajdúszoboszlóSpa town atmosphere

Hajdúszoboszló is among the earliest recorded Hungarian settlements. In the foundation charter of the Garamszentbenedek Abbey from 1075 it is mentioned as 'Szoboszlóvására' (Szoboszló's market). In 1333, it was a settlement with a church. Its fortified church was raised in the 15th century.

By the late 19th century, Szoboszló's population grew rapidly to over 15,000. In the Dual Monarchy period the main railway lines running through it added to its rapid development. 

The real turning point for the town came in the year 1925 when in late October natural gas erupted from a depth of 1090 metres, carrying with it medicinal water at 73 degrees Centigrade, with a particular smell, brownish colour and a unique chemical composition. By July 1927 the sandy baths and then a tub bath with thermal water were opened. Continually developed, the baths were declared medicinal in 1934. In 1937 a wave-pool was built and, to utilise the overflow, a rowing lake was established in 1939. By 1941 there were tubs, and by 1942 even jet baths. Next to that development accommodations were built, too. In 1941, four hotels and eight holiday homes provided the infrastructure of a spa town.

Worthy of its reputation across Europe, the spa and thermal baths is still the establishment in Hajdúszoboszló attracting the greatest numbers of visitors. Open year round it provides a comprehensive service satisfying all demands. A variety of 40 water-based treatments are offered to those seeking relief at Szoboszló.

 

SIGHTS

István Bocskai Museum

The Bocskai flag which, according to tradition was given by István Bocskai ruling prince of Transylvania to his Hajduk soldiers, is one of the most valuable pieces in the museum.

The local collection entitled 'History of Hajdúszoboszló from the beginning to the present day' (Hajdúszoboszló története a kezdetektől napjainkig) can be viewed in the main building of the museum. The most precious piece of the collection is the Bocskai flag which, so the story goes, ruling prince of Transylvania István Bocskai presented to his Hajduks. The coat of arms on the flag is identical to that on the Hajduszoboszló charter. Indeed, it is the coat of arms of the town to this day. It is also interesting that the national guards from Hajdúszoboszló and Hajdúság marched under this flag in the 1848-49 Freedom Fight.

The memories of town governance are particularly beautiful pieces: the chair of the judge, the handcuffs, the 'town chest', fire alarm horn, and various seals. Flags of different societies and choral groups are also significant, as are objects from famous individuals who had some kind of connection with Hajdúszoboszló.

The entomological collection of the typical insect species in the region, and the lepidopteral collection of butterflies form a spectacular unit in the museum.

The agricultural history exhibition presenting equipment from the turn of the 19th-20th centuries is unique in the region. The exhibition is located in the courtyard of the museum in a 100 square metre barn, as is the unusual group of aluminium bells created using a special method by the artist couple Edit Oborzil and Tibor Jeney.

The museum was named after István Bocskai (1557-1606) ruling prince of Transylvania. Establishing the 'Hajduk lands' (Hajdúkerület), he settled those hajduks (irregular soldiers) who served him on his own property, giving them land and collective nobility, that is emancipating them from serfdom. In return they had to fight for Bocskai during wars.

 

Bell House

A unique feature of the park in front of the thermal baths is the Bell House unveiled in 2000. It is a spectacular architectural composition by Zoltán Rácz, providing a befitting frame for the unusual aluminium alloy bells.

Among the 46 bells that are housed in the Bell House, visitors will also see the so-called World Bell, the bell intended for exhibit at the cancelled Hungarian World Exhibition. This special work of art is made complete by the carillon.

This characteristic method of pouring bells was patented by the artist couple of Edit Oborzil and Tibor Jeney. The bell collection was gifted to the city by Hajdúszoboszló-born Edit Oborzil.

 

Fazekas House

A dwelling of living folk art, the Fazekas House is the home and studio of the potter István Fazekas, master of Nádudvar-style black ceramics.

Following in the footsteps of his ancestors Nádudvar-born István Fazekas (whose name actually means potter) authentically preserves the traditions of pottery preparation.

 

Folk Arts Exhibition

The folk arts of Hajdú-Bihar County and objects made by Hajdúszoboszló masters of folk art are displayed at the exhibition.

The collection provides a broad overview of the whole county's folk art, after which visitors can admire the craft masterpieces made by local craftsmen and women. An interesting feature of the exhibition is that the names and addresses of the artists are displayed together with their craft items. Those interested are welcome in the workshops of the craftspeople.

The collection has been open to the public since 1993.

 

Fortress WallFortress Wall Hajdúszoboszló

A section of the fortress wall with an extant corner bastion encircles the Reformed church. According to archaeological research, the wall itself dates from the 15th century with further reinforcement by the Hajduk soldiers to meet their own demands.

On the nearly 20-metre long wall pear-shaped loopholes can be seen that were opened by the Hajduks. The corner bastion is circular.

 

All the churches of Hajdu towns were fortified, but the Szoboszló church was also surrounded by a moat; the water was directed there from the Kösely Stream that at that time drove the watermills.

 

Sadly, the site is famous because the audacious population of this Hajduk town tried to protect themselves from the Turkish in 1660 from within the fortified church. The Sejdi Pasha of Buda exacted horrific revenge, his troops massacring the people trapped inside. The event is commemorated by a plaque on the fortress wall. The corner bastion hosts an exhibition on the history of the fortress.

 

International Modern Museum

Alongside the works of Picasso, Le Corbusier, Renoir, Vasarely and other well-known artists, pieces by contemporary Hungarian artists are also held in the collection of the museum.

Electrographic art, computer graphics and artworks created with other modern methods are on display next to those made with traditional techniques. Also a statue park, the garden of the museum acts as a venue for summer musical events.

The museum has been open to the public since 1996.

 

Roman Catholic church of St. Ladislaus

The frescos of this Baroque church dedicated to St Ladislaus were created in the 1930's by noted Hungarian Catholic ecclesiastical artist, István Takács. The decoration of the triumphal arch brings the past of the city to life.

The theme of the ceiling paintings of the church nave are the good deeds of Elizabeth of the House of Árpád. Former days of Szoboszló are evoked by motifs referring to the Hortobágy. However, the artist also included the finding of the medicinal waters and the miraculous scene of the healing of a worker. The world of Hungarian saints and the spirit of the place are superbly combined by the reinterpretation of the legend of St Ladislaus, depicting the breaking through of the water.

 

Accommodation in Hajdúszoboszló:

 http://www.hungaryrooms.com/hotels/Hajdúszoboszló/

Map of Hajdúszoboszló:

 http://www.hungaryrooms.com/map/Hajdúszoboszló/

 

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